An elevated Sed rate indicates some type of autoimmune or inflammatory condition. I would repeat the test and also get a C reactive protein , autoantibody testing and a complete physical examination. For some unknown reason the extra protein autoantibodies make the cells heavier and they settle faster increasing the rate of sedimentation ( settling) . This test is not specific for any disease but in women it tends to point to Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, Rhematoid Arthritis ( RA) or possibly Lupus or Scleroderma.
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Sed rate is a very nonspecific inflammatory marker, It can be elevated in numerous infectious and inflammatory diseases: to name a few: rheumatoid arthritis , lupus, connective tissue diseases, and any kind of infection. However, sed rate of 29 is only slightly elevated and may or may not mean anything. Isolated sed rate testing does not provide any answer, it would be helpful to know in what context the test was done.
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An elevated sed rate with no other laboratory abnormalities could signal a disease process called polymyalgia rheumatica. In this condition, patients have severe fatigue and muscle aches. If there is also pain in the temples. It could be a more serious condition called temporal arteritis, in which there is a small risk of blindness. Each condition is diagnosed by the clinical presentation and the elevated sed rate, and both conditions are treated with steroids.
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An elevated sedimentation rate is very nonspecific…. it can point to many things or absolutely nothing. Understanding why the test was ordered would be helpful. Usually a physician will order this test along with other inflammatory markers; assuming this is the case and that you are only notified about the mildly elevated sed rate, I would recommend waiting a few weeks and repeating the test. If you are feeling well, again, I wouldn’t worry too much about the cause of the lab abnormality and would merely request that your doctor repeat the test in 6-8 weeks.
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An elevated sedimentation rate (ESR) can indicate some type of autoimmune or inflammatory condition or nothing at all. To answer your question more specifically it would be helpful to know why your physician ordered it in the first place. In other words what were they looking for? Your level of 29 is only mildly elevated. Depending on your symptoms and whether or not they have resolved, I would repeat the test in the next few weeks to see if it has returned down to a normal level.
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Sedimentation rate is an indicator of the level of inflammatory activity of our immune system. Inflammatory activity could be in response to an infection or an immune response, or a physiological changes in the body. Your physician will put this piece of information in your context and advise you properly.